Title VII applies to employers with at least 15 employees. It prohibits workplace discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including gender and pregnancy), and national origin. These are called “protected classes” under Title VII.

Among other things, an employee (or former employee) may show that he/she was unlawfully: (a) terminated; (b) subjected to a hostile working environment; (c) not hired; or (d) treated significantly worse than others not in the protected class.